SUMMARY: A medley of ways. From New Zealand, green alternative economy with Laurence Boomert. Dr. Sharon Gourdji, U of Fla. on crops & climate. Josh Fox (Gasland) riff on fracking. Pacific growing expert Lorene Edwards Forkner.
QUICK WRAP: Laurence Boomert green business and politics in New Zealand. After founding a biz network, he now runs the Bank of Solutions. Terrific ideas for all of us.
Dr. Sharon Gourdji, Stanford University, researches the impacts of climate heating on crops – especially during the critical period when they flower. We talk the case study of her recent trips to Nicaragua.
At Powershift 2013, the Director of the movie “Gasland” wowed the crowd with his anti-fracking speech/rant. France banned it, the Netherlands is next, and fracking protests explode in the U.S. & Canada. Australia and UK take note!
Lorene Edwards Forkner is editor of Pacific Horticulture Magazine, and a home-grower extraordinaire. Tips for grow-it-yourself and local production. This interview was recorded in June 2013 at the Mother Earth News Fair in Puyallup Washington.
LAURENCE BOOMERT: REAL SOLUTIONS
Almost every week Radio Ecoshock details our head-long flight into a complex series of environmental, economic, and social disasters. But where are the solutions?
There are many answers out there. What we need is a collection place to gather the things we need to know. Enter Laurence Boomert and the “Bank of Real Solutions”.
Boomert is a long-time New Zealand activist who founded the successful Environmental Business Network in the 1990’s. Along with a group called “Living Economies”, Laurence co-published and wrote for the book “Fleeing Vesuvius: Responding to the effects of economic and environmental collapse”.
Laurence Boomert is currently on a tour of North America with our previous guest Nicole Foss.
Most of the doomers I track, picture New Zealand as the place to run, after Fukushima or the economy blows up. At least New Zealand could feed itself. Is it all a green garden party there down-under?
Laurence says New Zealand has a lot going for it, but the current political climate
is anti-green. In fact the Prime Minister formerly worked for a big investment house, Merrill Lynch. Previous green legislation is being dismantled, just like in Australia.
We talk about the political party Laurence co-founded, (the New Economics Party) – but more about his web site The Bank of Real Solutions. Currently it is a collection of things that really work to change the world in New Zealand. Take a look, you will get some great ideas for your own area.
Laurence is just now taking it global, working on founding The World Bank of Real Solutions. Watch for that.
Laurence Boomert, in You tube videos and writing, says cities could be sustainable. Looking at cities designed entirely around automobiles and fossil fuels, I’m not so sure. Can mega-cities really transition?
We also talk about collapse. It can happen quickly, Boomert says. Just look at Argentina in 2001. Or Ireland trying to recover right now.
In the United States, we are seeing shadows of collapse already. Detroit went bankrupt. The federal government shut down. Food stamps stopped working for a few hours, leading to mini-riots. Is there still time to organize and launch local economies? Boomert says yes, if we can get going now.
He offers some terrific examples from New Zealand, like community currency, and time banking that even helps the needy. Ten percent of his own small community operates on local currency.
Boomert suggests you visit this web site from South Africa for a look at more solutions being tried around the world: ces.org.za The full name is Community Exchange.
This interview is full of useful tips. Like this organization “Living Economies“.
Oh, by the way, Laurence also adapted an Irish idea, helping to organize and publish the solutions book called “Fleeing Vesuvius: Responding to the effects of economic and environmental collapse.” That book is hard to find at the moment. Look here.
In this You tube video, Boomert says the financial system is “horrifically ruined” and fragile. He claims we have a corrupt parasytical system build on fraud. Then he outlines how you and I can bypass that system to create our own.
Part 2 of that You tube video is here.
Contact Laurence Boomert by email: firstname.lastname@example.org
SHARON GOURDJI: THE SCIENCE OF CROPS AND CLIMATE
Since gaining her PHD in Environmental Engineering, and moving to Stanford University, Sharon Gourdji has specialized in the impacts of climate change and food production around the world.
Her latest co-authored paper was published in Environmental Research letters in June 2013. It’s title tells us something important for everyone who eats: “Global crop exposure to critical high temperatures in the reproductive period: historical trends and future projections.”
Here is the official citation: Environmental Research Letters, Vol. 8 no. 2, page(s) doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/2 June 14, 2013
Your can read the abstract, and the full paper online here.
I was introduced to this subject by an unlikely source. A hippie You-tuber from Texas complained his garden flowered but set no fruit – because night-time temperatures stayed too high at a critical time. So it’s not just that it’s hotter, but WHEN it’s hotter that counts for agriculture – and gardens.
That full video from “humptydumptytribe” is worth a watch.
But in this show we head for the real science. Sharon Gourdji has just finished a
year-long Fulbright Nexus program focused on climate change and adaptation strategies in the Western Hemisphere.
I’m going to quote a communication from Sharon here to explain some of her other work:
“Prior to the extreme heat study, I published a paper looking at gains in breeding wheat for heat-tolerance by the world’s preeminent wheat breeding organization CIMMYT (or International Center for the Improvement of Maize and Wheat in Spanish, based in Mexico, primarily responsible for
developing the germplasm behind the Green Revolution in Latin America and Asia). The results were that most of the gains in breeding wheat for high yield potential have come in optimal environments with high radiation, cool temperatures and irrigation.“
On a down-to-earth level, Sharon has just returned from Nicaragua, where she visited farming regions to determine how climate has affected the bean crop.
Apparently the red beans so loved by Nicaraguans are stressed by excess heat and the yields are declining. Black beans do better in the new growing conditions, but Nicaraguan farmers grow them mainly for export at this time. Folks in Columbia, where Gourdji also did research, like the black beans as a staple.
Complicating all this: Nicaragua has lost at least one third of it’s forest cover since 1980. This changes microclimates, rainfall, and soil erosion. Deforestation and climate change can play off against one another.
Lester Brown from the Earth-Policy Institute has stressed some major crops, including rice, are already near their temperature limits. I’ve covered that on Radio Ecoshock. We discuss these important limits with Sharon.
It’s hard to imagine a more important subject for scientific study! How will we feed the world’s increasing population if climate change harms the growing cycle at critical times? Gourdji is fairly optimistic. She says farmers have always had to adapt to changes in weather – and there are international organizations working to breed plants better able to produce – even without Genetic Modification (GMO’s).
JOSH FOX RANTS AGAINST FRACKING AT POWERSHIFT 2013
In previous Radio Ecoshock shows we’ve had young people testifying about their drive to save the climate and find eco-justice – partly through the Powershift 2013 program in Pittsburg in October.
This week I run an 8 minute riff from Josh Fox, the Director of the anti-fracking expose “Gasland”.
You can see the Powershift video here. (It will take a couple of minutes to load to the Josh Fox clip I’ve selected. Hang in, it’s worth it).
France has banned fracking. The Netherlands is about to. People all over the world question why we need to blow up the underground, poisoning it with super toxic chemicals, just to get more dangerous fossil fuels.
Josh’s follow-up to Gasland is now playing on HBO.
LORENE EDWARDS FORKNER – PACIFIC SUPER GARDENER
When I was at the Mother Earth News Fair last June, I had the pleasure of talking with Lorene Forkner.
Her blog is called “Planted at Home“.
Lorene is the editor of Pacific Horiculture Magazine, and author of several books. Her latest is “Handmade Garden Projects: Step-by-Step Instructions for Creative Garden Features, Containers, Lighting & More“.
She’s the co-author of 3 previous titles published by Sasquatch Books including: “Growing Your Own Vegetables: An Encyclopedia of Country Living Guide” and “Canning and Preserving Your Own Harvest: An Encyclopedia of Country Living Guide“.
With all that going for her, you can bet we have a great conversation about growing food – from California right up to Washington State. People around the world can learn from Lorene Forkner. I did.
THREE INTERVIEWS PLUS ONE RANT
That was a packed show. I hope you pass it around.
I’m Alex Smith. Help support Radio Ecoshock and get free downloads at the web site ecoshock.org.
Welcome to all our new listeners, and thank you for listening – and caring about your world.